Breastfeeding Basics for New Moms: Latching Techniques and Ensuring a Good Latch

Breastfeeding is an intimate bonding experience shared between a mother and her baby. However, for many new moms, it can come with challenges. One of the most common concerns is ensuring a proper latch, which is crucial for both the baby’s nutrition and the mother’s comfort. A poor latch can lead to painful breastfeeding and may impact the baby’s ability to get enough milk. In this article, we delve into the basics of latching techniques and how to ensure a good latch.

What is a “Latch”?

In the context of breastfeeding, a “latch” refers to how the baby attaches to the breast. A proper latch ensures the baby can draw milk efficiently and comfortably without causing pain or damage to the mother’s nipples.

Why is a Good Latch Important?

  1. Nutritional Needs: A good latch ensures the baby is getting enough milk to satisfy their hunger and provide essential nutrients.
  2. Prevents Discomfort: An improper latch can cause nipple pain, soreness, and even lead to conditions like mastitis.
  3. Enhances Bonding: When breastfeeding is pain-free and efficient, it becomes a more enjoyable experience for both mom and baby.

Latching Techniques for New Moms:

  1. Turn Baby’s Body Towards Yours: The baby’s chest should be facing your chest. Think “tummy to tummy”. This helps the baby take a big mouthful of the breast rather than just the nipple.
  2. Support Your Breast: Use a hand to support your breast in a ‘U’ shape, positioning your thumb on top and the rest of your fingers beneath, ensuring you’re well behind the areola (the darkened part around the nipple).
  3. Head Position: The baby’s head should be slightly tilted back. This way, the chin touches the breast first, encouraging the baby to open their mouth wide.
  4. Nose to Nipple: Align your nipple with the baby’s nose. This makes the baby tilt their head back slightly and open their mouth wide.
  5. Wait for a Wide Open Mouth: Before bringing the baby to the breast, ensure they open their mouth wide. If they don’t do it naturally, you can encourage them by gently stroking their upper lip with your nipple.
  6. Bring Baby to Breast, Not Vice Versa: Move the baby swiftly towards your breast once they have a wide-open mouth. Their chin should touch your breast first.

Signs of a Good Latch:

  • More Areola is Visible: You should see more areola above the baby’s upper lip and less below the bottom lip.
  • Comfort: While there may be initial tenderness when you first start breastfeeding, a good latch should not result in prolonged pain.
  • Sealed Lips: The baby’s lips should be flanged outwards, forming a seal around the areola.
  • Steady Rhythm: Once latched, the baby should settle into a steady rhythm of suck-swallow-breathe.
  • Audible Swallowing: You might hear a soft “aah” sound when the baby swallows.

Troubleshooting an Improper Latch:

If you feel persistent pain, notice your nipples appearing pinched or white after feeding, or hear frequent clicking sounds, the latch may need adjustment. Breaking the latch by gently inserting your pinky finger into the corner of the baby’s mouth and trying again can help. If you continue to experience issues, consult a lactation consultant for personalized guidance.


Breastfeeding is a skill that takes time and practice for both the mother and baby. While it may seem daunting at first, understanding latching techniques and signs of a good latch can make the process smoother. Remember, every mother-baby duo is unique, and what works for one pair might not work for another. If in doubt, seeking support and guidance from professionals can provide invaluable insights tailored to your specific needs.